Open Budget Survey
The Open Budget Survey is the only independent, comparative, and regular measure of budget transparency, participation, and oversight in the world. It is the culmination of analyses conducted by a global network of hundreds of researchers over a two-year period.
Open Budget Survey 2012
The Open Budget Survey 2012 examines 100 countries from around the world, measuring three aspects of how governments are managing public finances:
- Budget transparency – the amount, level of detail, and timeliness of budget information governments are making publically available. Each country is given a score between 0 and 100 that determines its ranking on the Open Budget Index.
- Budget participation – the opportunities governments are providing to civil society and the general public to engage in decisions about how public resources are raised and spent.
- Budget oversight – the capacity and authority of formal institutions (such as legislatures and supreme audit institutions) to understand and influence how public resources are being raised and spent.
The Open Budget Survey 2012 found that more than three quarters of the countries surveyed fail to meet basic standards of budget transparency. Compounding this, the survey identified the failure of many governments to provide sufficient opportunities for citizens and civil society to engage in budget processes and decisions.